The Philippines EXPO 2008

See it. Believe it. Experience it.

Math


EXPO Statistical Profile and Analysis

  

Part A

 

Comparing Population

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      This graph indicates the statistics for population growth of the Philippines. Population statistics is the application of statistics to examine traits and changes in a country’s population. It indicates the total number of people living in a defined area such as a city, state, or country. It can evaluate everything, from global demographic changes of an entire nation or the whole world to local diminutive scale changes of an administrative division or a village. This graph depicts the population growth in the Philippines from the year 1999 to the year 2004. From the graph, one obvious trend that can be observed is the perpetual increase in the figures for population. Between the year 1999 and the year 2001, the population growth rate seems to rise in a steady pattern with the rate rising up to a level (about a thousand people) every year. However, between the year 2002 and the year 2003, the rate slowed down a little for the change between the two bars isn’t significant. After 2003, though, the population rate goes up higher than it had for the past six years in 2004. On the whole, all the stats for the Philippines’ population graph are higher than their previous year. Some reasons can be introduced that might explain the trend of this graph. From 1999 to 2001, the population rate was going up steadily since the Philippines was at a developing stage during those times. In addition, more people are coming in from other countries to create businesses within the state. At that period, the Philippines is growing and its population is increasing with it as well. By 2002 and 2003, however, the rate decelerated. The reason for this could be that the government was starting to notice the increasing population and wanted to make the people aware of it. Nevertheless, just after one year, the population began growing again and this time, it was growing faster. The return to an escalating population growth rate must be because of the Catholic Church’s discouragement for family planning and birth control. President Arroyo, who is a devout Catholic, must have heeded the church and stopped doing anything regarding the population growth rate. As a result, one might be able to predict that the next bars for this graph will be higher than the previous ones. All in all, the reason for the observation of this graph is evidently due to the fact that the Philippines, like many religious countries, has a burden that does not slow down the rate at which the population is rising.

 

Comparing Birth Rates

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      The graph shown above is showing the trend for birth rates in the Philippines and comparing it with the world average birth rates. Birth rate indicators are used to inform people the number of babies born in a country, usually in a year. The statistics is often displayed as a ration per 1 000 population, similar to the graph above. Birth rate statistics are helpful when endeavoring to guess the quality of life and medical care in the country. For example, if the birth rates are in a stable pattern, this means that the people there are getting the care necessary to give births and they are also educated on family planning as well. This graph illustrates the movement of birth rates in the Philippines from the year 1999 to the year 2004. These statistics are then compared to the world average for birth rates (shown on far right). From the graph, an apparent reflection is observed. The birth rates for the Philippines have dropped consistently for the past six years. Looking back to the previous graph of the Philippines’ population, this may seem like a good thing because this means that the slowing birth rates might help with the overpopulation issue in the country. From 1999 to 2001, the Philippines’ birth rates were higher (but not so significantly) than the current world average. As the rate started to reduce in speed, the country’s birth rate became leveled with the current world average by 2002. It commenced dropping at the same rate from then on. The reasons for the Philippines’ steady drop in birth rate can be due to the fact that more women in the Philippines are now working in this typical, modernized world. A study has shown that working women tend to have fewer kids. This can be one of the factors that caused the drop in national birth rates. However, a more disturbing implication could be that the Philippines’ in poor in health care. The government is so focused on economic gain for agricultural and industrialization that they might have cut down a majority of their health care sector. This sector is very eminent to provide good quality for pregnant women and if a big part of it has been removed, the birth rates would definitely go down. This graph of the statistics for birth rates in the Philippines needs to be presented to the Philippine government in order to improve the health care in the country.

  

Comparing Death Rates

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      This last graph for part A shows the death rates in the Philippines and measuring it up to the current world average for death rates. The statistics for death rates are utilized in order to present the number of deaths occurred in a country every year. These figures are frequently displayed as a ratio per 1 000 population. Death rate statistics can be of assistance when one is trying to infer on the quality of life and medical care in the given country. It can also help in identifying a situation of a country, usually in a political term. For instance, death rates should be reasonably high in a war-torn country such as Iraq. Thus, we can also assume the situation of Philippines by looking at its death rates graph above. In 1999, the Philippines experienced its worst death rate number ever. That, however, soon fell as the years 2000, 2001, 2002, and 2003 prove themselves as healthy and peaceful years. In 2004, the death rate rose up again but not as considerably as the one in 1999. The statistics gathered can give the fact that the Philippines’ quality of life among its people are improving. This presumption can be even further proven when the statistics are compared with the world average, which is currently holding a staggering rate. On the other hand, one cannot instantly tell that the Philippines’ has an enhanced quality life just by comparing the death rates with the current world average. Things like the poverty in Africa and the wars happening around the Middle Eastern countries should be considered as well because they are important parts of the world average for death rates. The reason for the high death rate during the 1999 in the Philippines may be due to the fact that it was really just starting to develop eminently. A majority of the people might not be doing as well as they have now and there have also been terrorist groups who were making major news in the country at that time. Now, these groups are less threatening and demonstrations are more common even to a point where they are just a basic routine. Death rates by then might have decreased because of these changes. The decreasing death rates in the Philippines might sound good but on the contrary, it is not. Considering the country’s escalating population growth, a low death rate might be dangerous to the future well-being of the population. The government needs to see this statistics and compare it with the population statistics, and they might just realize that the Philippines needs to start worrying about balancing its population growth and death rate. 

  

Part B

Comparing Gross Domestic Product

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      This graph compares the GDP of the Philippines with the GDP of Vietnam. GDP stands for Gross Domestic Product. It is the value of all goods and services that a country generates in a year. This indicator helps people to demonstrate the strength of a country’s economy. By looking at the statistics extracted from different sources, an observation of the trend of the Gross Domestic Product for the Philippines saw that the economy has been increasing over the past years. In the year 2000, the GDP of the Philippines was $46 399 million dollars. In 2005, the GDP raised up to $71 382 million dollars. Within this five year span, the Gross Domestic Product for the Philippines has ascended by $24, 983 millions dollars. This shows that there is about a 7% increase of GDP per year in the nation. By this, an inference can be made about the fact that the economy of the Philippines is rising rapidly. When compared to Vietnam, the GDP of the Philippines is incredibly high. Vietnam produced about half of the goods and services provided by the Philippines. There could be various reasons to this detail. One reason could be that the Philippines was already developing as a country way before Vietnam was.  Since Vietnam is only recently blooming, it will take a while before its GDP can challenge the GDP of the Philippines. In addition, the Philippines has more foreign partners than Vietnam at present. It will obviously produce more GDP than Vietnam does. However, the main reason for the high statistics for the Philippines’ GDP is because of the extreme labor in the country. In the Philippines, there are over 30 million workers. Plus, they are not just agricultural workers, which Vietnam has most of. These workers are also professionals as well, such as doctors and lawyers. More workers especially educated ones means more money will flow through. Thus, it makes for a high gross domestic product.

Comparing Gross Domestic Product per Capita

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      This graph shows the levels of GDP per capita in the Philippines and comparing it with the GDP per capita in Vietnam. GDP per capita is the value of all goods and services that an average person in a country produces each year. These statistics are taken by dividing the annual GDP at current market costs by the population number.  This indicator can help illustrate the wealth of individuals within a country. However, it does not give a full picture of the life of each individual because some might be very poor and some might be ridiculously rich. The trend of the Gross Domestic Product per capita for the Philippines has been increasing over the past years.  In the year 2003, the GDP capita in the Philippines was $4 200. In the year 2007, the Gross Domestic Product per capita of the Philippines elevated to the figure $5 000. Within this five year span, the GDP per capita increased by $800. With this trend, a practical conclusion can be made on the fact that the Philippines’ economy is starting to develop. Individuals are finally securing and building on their financial life. This all means that the country is turning stronger with a rising affluence per person. The Philippine’s GDP per capita is more than twice of the GDP per capita in Vietnam. A sensible explanation to this notation is that the Philippines has a tougher driving work force. These people have been working to improve the economy of the country for years whereas the Vietnamese only started to enhance their economy at this time. However, these statistics do not ultimately prove that the Philippines is a rich country. The GDP per capita numbers do not mean a thing because 30% of the population are living under the poverty line. The reason the Philippines has such a high score for this indicator may be due to the fact that it has a huge population. Those 30% are not really put into account when calculating the GDP per capita. So GDP per capita counts what individual in the country has from the average of the GDP, but it does not give a true perspective of the condition of each individuals regarding social and financial status.

Comparing Total Fertility Rate

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      This graph shows the fertility rate in the Philippines and putting it side by side with the fertility rate in Vietnam. Fertility rate is the average number of children that would be born into a woman during her lifetime. The trend of the fertility rate in the Philippines has been decreasing over the past years. In the year 2003, the fertility rate of the Philippines was 3.29 births. Later, in the year 2007, the birth rate descended to 3.05 births per women. This means that about every year, the birth rate decreases by 0.6 births. This is no big drop and not very dangerous to the country, considering the fact that the Philippines really need to slow down its population growth rate. However, many Filipinos are now starting to migrate to other countries in hopes of seeking a better life and better job opportunities. As a result, if this trend continues for centuries, the population of the Philippines might be in jeopardy as the country starts to lose its people. This can affect the economy of the country as there would be no more people to operate the nation. In addition, a problem with the loss of identity might occur. If Filipinos are eventually going to be wiped off the face of the Earth, then who would represent the Philippines? Compared to Vietnam, the Philippines’ fertility rate is still quite high. It is roughly one more children per woman. The Philippines’ fertility rate is nonetheless high for a country despite the decreasing rate. Religion and the lack of wealth and education of the people may be factors that cause this observation. Given that the Philippines is a Catholic country, it does not support contraception or family planning. Couples, who are looking for sex as a pleasure, do not use any condoms or birth control. Another reason that Filipinos do not use condoms is because they cannot afford it. Some people cannot pay the price for these because they are just simply poor. That is when the GDP per capita statistics for the Philippines goes a little bit untrue. There are still people in the Philippines who are very poor and they are having more children so they can have a good labor force, as with the case of farmers. The decreasing fertility rate may be explained by presenting the fact that more women are starting to be given a chance to work in the modern world. Working women tend to have lesser children. The fertility rate of a country does indeed tell a lot about the people and their ways.

Comparing Land Area

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      This graph depicts the land area of the Philippines, contrasting it with the size of Vietnam. Since land areas usually never change, there are no major trends that occur in this graph. The Philippines is an archipelago, many islands grouped together. When all their sizes are measured, it all adds up to 300 000 square kilometers. Compared to Vietnam, the land area of the Philippines is pretty low with a 31 689 square kilometer difference. No other reason besides the fact that the Philippines is just what it is and Vietnam happens to be a country with bigger boundaries can be explained. Another thought that might somehow clarify the comparison between the land areas of these two countries is that the Philippines is born an island so no matter what happens, it can never have a bigger boundary. Vietnam is a country that shares boundaries with Thailand, Cambodia, and China. Thus, it may, at some point in history, given a chance to “choose” its land area by marking its territory.

Comparing Forested Area

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      This graph demonstrates the forested area left in the Philippines and comparing it with the forested area statistics for Vietnam. Forested area is the area of land that still has forests attached to it. The trend for the forested land in the Philippines has dropped immensely.  In 1990, about 40% of the Philippines was covered in natural rainforests. In 2007, only 19.4% of those rainforests has remained. This illustrates a disturbing fact that the forested land in the Philippines is rapidly decreasing; losing around 1.2% of rainforests each year. That is the reason why deforestation is such a major national issue as they probably might have caused this unsettling drop in the forested area in the Philippines. When these statistics are judged against Vietnam, the Philippines will realize that it has a lot to worry about. The forest area in Vietnam is more substantial than that of the Philippines’. This is due to the numerous amounts of logging businesses in the Philippines and from foreign partners. These businesses, that deforest the natural vegetation in the island, are responsible for destroying the trees. Mining industries are also abundant in the country and they clear the forests to find underground minerals. The Philippines used to be the most biologically affluent country in the world, with lush forests and exotic wildlife. Nevertheless, all that was destroyed by the logging and mining industries and the Philippines is no longer what it used to be, as one can determine right here from this graph

Comparing Water Consumption

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      This graph above shows the water consumption in the Philippines with the same statistics for Vietnam. This indicator gives a representation in numbers the average gallon of water consumption consumed by the average person in a country every day. The trend for the water consumption of the Philippines has increased over the years as the population is starting to grow faster than ever. The Philippines currently has one of the fastest growing populations in the world. If one compares the water consumption of the Philippines to the same statistics for Vietnam, there is a 51 gallon per capita difference. This should raise serious concerns for the Philippine government because water is being consumed quite rapidly from the increasing number of people and due to the fact that the weather is typically hot in the country. The land of the Philippines might come to a point where it is too exhausted to support the growing thirst of the growing population. If there is a 51 gallon difference between the Philippines and Vietnam for just one person, then imagine the gallon difference for 91,000,000 people! That is the Philippines’ current population…  So, the water consumption per capita is no doubt increasing because of the rise in population. Vietnam does not have the same overpopulation issue that the Philippines is encountering. That is why their supply of water is being consumed at a normal rate. This graph should be introduced to the government so they can start raising concern about the need for a steady flow of water supplies and consumption, if they want to prevent a war to start because of water shortage.

  

  

  

Bibliography

 

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